Everyone is talking about the new HBO miniseries The Pacific. While it is well scripted, brilliantly performed, and visually realistic, what really has critics’ attention is its jumbled storyline. Herein, they say, lies the series’ real strength. So why is it that when we have no overarching narrative, we get bad marks in creative writing, but when Tom Hanks does it, he gets his own miniseries?
Historically, war stories have been told from a zoomed-out perspective that focuses on major events and overall movements. This is a tidy, logical, and totally misleading way of representing war. Just ask any veteran. With time, however, war stories have become increasingly fragmented, switching from the historian’s perspective to the combatant’s. With this trend comes a heightened awareness of – and ambiguity toward – the morality of individual actions during war.
With technological developments immensely increasing our capacity for destruction, the last century has forever changed the way the world looks at combat. WWI started with the assassination of one man and spiraled out of control into a thirty/plus-nation massacre. WWII had an unprecedented fifty million civilian casualties – many of whom were not simply in the wrong place at the wrong time. It’s no wonder that the way war stories are told increasingly reflects a frustrated, absurdist point of view.
Joseph Heller’s 1961 novel, Catch-22, is one of the finest examples of war satire. It follows – if you can justify using that word – a Captain Yossarian, who is hell-bent on getting out of fighting in WWII because he thinks “every one of them” is trying to kill him. Every one of whom? Them. His dream is to get discharged on grounds of insanity, but obviously he can’t request to leave outright. After all, only sane people would want to stop fighting, which means the only people qualified to leave are the ones who want to be there in the first place. Now you see why the novel coined the term “catch-22″.
Heller’s novel is filled with enough circular reasoning to give Lewis Carroll a run for his money. If the idiocy of the plot itself isn’t enough to drive the point home, the plot structure certainly will: its forty-two chapters shuffle through time unannounced and incessantly, leaving us readers just as disoriented as the soldiers themselves. Mercifully, Catch-22 is hilarious, which seems to suggest that sometimes, there’s really nothing you can do but laugh.
Another WWII novel in this vein is Kurt Vonnegut’s Slaughterhouse-Five, which he published in 1969 based on his experience as a prisoner of war during the Allied bombing of Dresden. Its protagonist, Billy Pilgrim, is an optometrist who is woefully unprepared for the war. At one point, he is saved from extremely friendly fire by the fortuitous arrival of German soldiers, who take him and his would-be assassin prisoner. Because they are locked safely away in a Dresden slaughterhouse, Billy and the other prisoners miraculously survive the demolition of the city.
If this all sounds unsatisfactorily straightforward to you, you’ll be happy to hear that Billy is also involuntarily time-tripping between different moments in his life, taking you, the reader, along for the ride. Among these moments is his future life as an abductee on the planet Tralfamadore, where he lives in captivity with another abductee, also from Earth, who happens to be a female porn star. Living with the Tralfamadorians teaches Billy that because there’s no such thing as linear time, there’s also no free will, which keeps Billy from getting too worked up about the whole thing.
So, the next time you sit down to watch a dizzying installment of The Pacific, keep in mind that it’s books like Catch-22 and Slaughterhouse-Five that inspired its unusual piecemeal structure. After all, who wants to stay focused on the big picture when there doesn’t seem to be one.
Great teachers are always in demand which makes a career in education a smart choice. If you are already in the teaching profession an advanced degree from an accredited online institution can also increase your job opportunities, earnings and career advancements.
Distance Learning Degree Programs in Education
Most online degree program offer associate, bachelor’s, master’s and doctorate degrees. Teaching license or certificates in teaching are also available at some online colleges and universities. You can also specialize in a certain area, such as:
Adult Education: If you are interested in working with adults and out of school youths whose education level is below standards, then a specialization in adult education may be best suited for you. Adult education specialization instruct in reading, writing, speaking English, and performing mathematical calculation or other basic skills that will help students to become positive contributors to society.
Curriculum Design: This specialization is best suited for those who like to design and develop curriculum for various levels and categories of education.
Early Childhood Education: What children learn and experience during their early years can affect them positively or negatively for the rest of their lives. Educators of Early childhood education play a vital role in helping to prepare children for success later in life.
Education Administration: This specialization will prepare you for a career in educational leadership or administration or supervisory positions.
Special Education: A specialization in special education is a great choice for those interested in pursuing a career working with learners with special needs.
Speech Therapists: Speech therapists assess, diagnose and treat speech disorders related to cognitive communication, voice, fluency and language among others.
What can I do With an Education Degree From an Online Institution?
Most education graduates pursue careers as teachers; however an online education degree is not limited to teaching. You can also find careers as a counselor, school psychologist, administration, education technology, school principle and much more.
Why Consider Pursuing an Online Education Degree?
Distance learning makes education more convenient especially for adults with families and full-time jobs. Many people choose distance learning simply out of necessity. Not everyone can enroll in traditional higher education due to work and other commitments and obligations and so distance learning provides the flexibility to continue working at a current job while pursuing your educational and career goals at the same time. Choosing an online education takes the hassle of trying to juggle work, family and school.
How Fast can I Earn an Education Degree Online?
The time it takes to earn an education degree online varies from individual to individual. Depending on your program level, a typical online education degree takes 36 to 60 semester hours. A bachelor degree typically takes four years to complete, but distance learners can complete the same degree within 2-3 years. Many distance learning programs also offers an accelerated program where you can earn your online degree even faster. However the time needed to complete an online education degree also depends on how much time and effort you put into your online studies in addition to other factors.
The future outlook with an online degree in education looks promising, as the need for education plays a very important role in every aspect of our every-day lives. This could be a perfect career choice for you.
Word seek puzzles, which are also sometimes known as “word search puzzles” or “word find puzzles”, are puzzles in which the task is to find a number of words hidden with a grid of letters
Word seek puzzles, which are also sometimes known as “word search puzzles” or “word find puzzles”, are puzzles in which the task is to find a number of words hidden with a grid of letters. The words can begin at any point in the grid, and can be arranged in any direction at all, be that horizontal (both left to right, and right to left are allowed), vertical (downwards or upwards), or even along the diagonals. Additionally, the person solving the puzzle may or may not be given the list of words to look for - although, obviously, the task is a lot harder without a word list.
There are a number of things that make word seek puzzles ideal for newsletters and magazines, as well as for classroom use. These include the facts that the person creating the puzzle can choose whatever words they want to appear in the puzzle (thus making the puzzle about any theme or topic that they like), and that the difficulty level can be varied by changing the size of the grid or by perhaps omitting some of the harder word orientations (like backwards or some of the diagonals). Furthermore, as far as classroom use is concerned, these puzzles can be used to introduce children to new words, and to help them learn the spellings of words they already know (since they must pay close attention to the exact spelling of words).
As far as creating these puzzles is concerned there is a hard way and an easy way. The hard way is to do it by hand using pen and paper – but that can take hours! The easy way is to use a computer and some word seek puzzle maker software – in that case, you put in your choice of words and you can have a puzzle ready in seconds.
Every parent wants to help their child develop a love for maths but it will only come when they experience success, it’s hard to love something when you only experience failure
Every parent wants to help their child develop a love for maths but it will only come when they experience success, it’s hard to love something when you only experience failure. There are a number of resources available to help kids learn without fear, in unconventional and fun ways.
For parents take a look at Family Math or Everyday Math for Everyday Life: A Handbook for When It Just Doesn’t Add Up. These two books will help you think of different ways to bring maths into your everyday life, without having to specifically refer to mathematical concepts.
Many kids like independent learning and if they are struggling with reading or maths, may be unable to grasp concepts in books quickly. Software is available that can help your kids excel in maths at school and give them valuable skills they will utilise later in life.
When looking for Maths software for your kids it helps to go beyond the standard grade-based software that is on the market and look for specialised software that is specifically designed around mathematical concepts. While the grade based software can introduce curriculum oriented concepts, pure mathematics software can develop these concepts into more involved, meaningful and ultimately engaging programs.
For a younger child, try the Ready For Math with Winnie The Pooh or Reader Rabbit Personalized Math 4-6. These programs are highly recommended for children who are not yet attending school but show some interest in learning before they get there.
As kids get older the Reader Rabbit series has older maths programs, or there is Star Wars Math. In addition you can branch out to conceptual programs such as Crazy Contraptions or Zoombini’s Logical Journey, both of which use logical thought and problem solving to reach a desired outcome. Online programs such as Mathletics are also recommended.
Picture books such as Millions To Measure or If You Made a Million are great for introducing early maths concepts. For early readers try One Hungry Cat and other Hello Math Readers for grades 1-3. If your teenage girl can’t relate to maths as taught in schools try Maths Doesn’t Suck, a title that is written specifically for this age group.
Cooking with kids or making toys and games out of wood are simply ways to integrate maths into a child’s life without making it a big deal. Kids are exposed to mathematical concepts and want to learn more so they can try to make rewarding things for themselves. Maths can begin to look pretty enticing when there is a tasty cookie at the end of the lesson.
These different options, used consistently, can make a measurable difference in your child’s love of learning.
Halloween bingo is an enjoyable game to play at schools and community groups (kids love this game), and is also ideal for playing in english as a second language (“esl”) classes
Halloween bingo is an enjoyable game to play at schools and community groups (kids love this game), and is also ideal for playing in English as a Second Language (“ESL”) classes. It is very simple play, easy to learn, a lot of fun, and does not require expensive materials.
In the game, each player (student in a classroom situation) is given a bingo card (also known as a “bingo sheet”, “bingo board” or “bingo worksheet”). The card contains a 5X5 grid of items, each item being a word or phrase related to Halloween such as “ghost”, “scary”, “spider”, “witch”, etc. The bingo caller (teacher in a classroom situation) calls out these items in a random order, and players cross the corresponding squares off their bingo cards as they are called out.
In the standard game, the winner is the first player who gets a straight line (horizontal, vertical or diagonal) of five crossed out items, and calls out “Bingo!”. If you want a longer game, you can change the winning requirement so that winner needs two intersecting lines of five crossed out items. When playing with a large number of players, it can be fun to allow multiple winners:
1. The first winner is the first player to get the four corner squares and shout “Bingo!”
2. The second winner is the first player to get any line of five items and shout “Bingo!”
3. The third winner is the first player to get any two intersecting lines of five items and shout “Bingo!”
4. The final winner is the first player to cross off every single square on their bingo card and shout “Bingo!”. (Tip: You need more than 24 or 25 items in total or everybody will finish their card at the same time).
Of course the key requirement for playing the game is a set of Halloween bingo cards, containing words or phrases relating to the Halloween theme. This is actually easy to obtain, you simply print them yourself using your computer – either by downloading a free set of ready-to-use Halloween printables, or by using a bingo card creator program to create customized bingo cards containing exactly the items that you want.